Sunday, March 24, 2019
Jean-Baptiste Lully :: essays research papers fc
blue jean Baptiste Lully was a prolific composer who is best known for establishing french Opera. (Boynick) Born in Florence on the 28th of November 1632, (Boynick) Giovanni Battista Lulli was a millers son. (Sadie 2000 pg 166) Lully first arrived in France in March of 1646 (Jean Baptiste Lully) to work as an support for a female coquetteier. (Sadie 2000 pg. 166) During his six-spot years in her household, Lully, already an keen at the guitar and violin, polished his skills as a performer and composer. (Straughan (a)) He make a name for himself as a dancer in the court ballets. (Straughan (a))He caught the attention of King Louis XIV and initially served him as "composer of subservient music (Straughan (a)) He soon took over compositions of entire ballets. (Straughan (a)) Some epoch before 1656, he also took over responsibility for the string supporting players called the Petits violons, which he transformed into a group widely renowned for their subdue and tasteful ex cellence. (Straughan (a)) A clever diplomatist and thorough courtier, he wholly won the royal favour, and in March, 1672, he succeeded in ousting Abbe Perrin from the directorship of the academy of Music, also known as the Academie Royale. (Knight) Ten years juveniler he had consolidated his position by obtaining sole rights over all hammy performances with singing.(Sadie 2000 pg. 166) Any production non affiliated with The Academie Royale was limited to two singers and six players. (Jean Baptiste Lully) From that point on, he successfully founded modern French opera. His involvement was not limited to musical composition. He collaborated with his poets in the production of libretti, and even took an entertain in the acting and declamation of the performers. His insistence on discipline and high artistic standards in the opera orchestra was legendary (Straughan (a)) Louis XIV became ill in late 1686. (Jean Baptiste Lully) While conducting a Te Deum on January 8, 1687, (Straugh an (a)) to celebrate the kings recovery Lully accidentally hit his foot with the point of the cane he used to observe time. (Sadie 2000 pg. 166) This wound caused an abscess which proved fatal as Lully died on March 22, 1687. (Straughan (a))Jean Baptiste Lully made significant contributions to French music. His initial compositions ballets de cour didnt deviate from the Italian forms. (Straughan (a)) They were merely collections of dances and burlesque scenes. (Gregory) A step in Lullys approach from ballet to opera was the increased role of music in his ballets.