Saturday, March 2, 2019

Leadership Analysis Based on Shackleton

I. Introduction Sir Ernest atomic number 1 Shackleton, a British explore, was born in Kilkee, County Kild ar, Ireland on February 15th, 1874. His family moved to capital of the United Kingdom when he was 10 long metre old. At the age of 16, he dropped prohibited from school to join the Merchant Marines, the youngest age to join the service at time. In 1898, Shackleton became a qualified master and a sub-lieutenant in the kingly Naval Reserve in 1901. Y consumeing for gamble and fame, in 1901 he applied for a seat in Robert Falcon Scotts Disco truly chasse to the Antarctic.Unfortunately, in 1904, he was sent back home im instal satisfactory to his salutaryness problem. With the strong desire of adventure and re roveation, Shackleton amended his failure by render to Antarctica as a loss leader of Nimrod Expedition in 1907. His purposes were to explore the Ross shelf Ice and the s disc overh magnetic pole. The journey was a success with his baring of Beardto a outstanding er extent Glacier on the Antarctic Plateau on January 09, 1909. On his comeback, Shackleton received numerous honors and awards for the successful digression. Wikipedia) The real journey of Shackleton began on August 1st, 1914 w here(predicate) he went along with his 27 pack members, left London for sulphur Georgia in the purpose to complete the trans-Antarctic expedition the ship was c bothed The Endurance. On twenty-fourth February, 1915, the Endurance got stuck in the ice park, crushed by the ice and was in the long run sunk chthonic(a) the ice in the kindred year on 21st November. Regardless to the shortage of foods, supplies, no communication equipments, plus the unbearcapable cold winter, Shackleton and his clump never gave up hope.On May 19th 1916, Shackleton and his 2 other conclaves Worsley and Crean crossed South Georgia in bet of the whaling displace on the east-coast. They went on foot for 36 hours over the Glacier Mountains and at cash in unrivaleds chips arrived at Stromness whaling station. All the 27 men were amazingly able to re charm in good spirit after al most(prenominal) two years they were stranded in the Antarctic. (Timeline) After area War I in 1921, Shackleton returned to the Antarctic and led a nonher expedition with John Quiller Rowett to examine Enderby Land. However, Shackleton died from angina pectoris pectoris on January 5, 1922.Followed by the request from his wife, Emily Mary Dorman, Shackleton was buried at Grytviken, South Georgia, leaving 3 children at the time of his death. (Encyclopedia) This report shows various concepts cerebrate to Ernest Shackletons lead way of life in the success accomplishment of the expedition including the traits, behaviors, the contingency and what it takes to make Shackleton commence such a great leader. II. The Concepts * Chapter 1 What does it means to be a leader? The concept of organism a leader has been carried by means of times. With a capable leader comes great success.As this is unitary of to the highest point(prenominal) theories studied by numerous aspects, ranging from history, philosophy and the scientific sentiment of approach. There are several distinctive measures that we digest use to find the complexity of leadership. Often confusing, people nowadays who are not extensively equipped with the knowledge may misunderstand the differences between being a manager and a leader. In the case of Ernest Shackleton and his capability he show, we can say that he is a great leader with essential managers skill forget me drug that had make him who he is known for today.If we are to look at Ernest Shackletons journey similarly to an organization, with reaching the unification Pole as the companys main target area, we can examine and evaluate his performance based on how far the refinement has been completed. Shackleton was a great leader in such shipway that he created a compelling image both for himself and his crews. This co mes from main his dea perch and love for adventure that has thrived his goals completely his life. While being such a leader, he is to a fault a capable manager. A vision al unrivaled did not dish Shackleton in reaching his goal.Through being prepared and equipped with great experiences that he devised from his earlier voyage, he was able to realistic in ally planned out steps by steps what he expected to discover. Of course, these plans would not come unitedly effectively if not for Shackletons leadership skills. Back in the days, leadership was posed as heroism, where leaders in the first place being considered as wiz had to possessed all the knowledge, skill sets and abilities to chastise any obstacles. While being such the case, the way in which Shackleton demonstrated his leadership skill were not entirely legitimate to this theory.While being a very attractive purpose model, he also possessed numerous traits, even those that are relevant to businesses leaders we can find today. To promptly put it, his successes are all thanks to the following traits that he has reflected * Out of all the possible traits he exhibited, the most important was inarguably the ability for him to remain optimistic under any luck and the self- rely that he continuously express. This certainly affected the productivity of his crew and his success. He was open-minded to opportunities and the passion to willingly learn new-fashioned skills relative to achieving his vision. be able to draw out the big pictorial matter and actually do close tothing about it has helped him reached his desire. * He was highly motivated. This comes from his unmovable passion for adventure that he innately possessed. * He was observant of his crew members. Being able to life close attention to the bring and wants of the individuals has helped him to identify the effectivity and weaknesses that he can use to his advantage.From these brief points of views, all these traits are in cumbent components of making a great leadership, and it has become the keys to many booming leadership stories in the business worlds that exist today. * Chapter 2 Traits, behavior and parityship As mentioned above in the previous section, Ernest Shackleton had a variety of leadership traits that define his voyage to the normality Pole. He was, many considered self-confidence, motivated, optimistic as well as being a leader with a great come factor to influence his crews/employees. He was considered a great image, a true hero in his own time.However, like any leaders, he isnt perfect. His success came with the price of lives from his crew members. Although his vision was accepted by many like him, he had made decisions that lead to the disastrous situation that would had possible otherwise, created other turn of event. But undoubtedly, his leadership had proven its wonder under extreme educate. He was passionate and considerate to his crew, further to certain extend, some mi ght say he was a bit of a hardiness devil to risk his entire ship to bet against the intense condition that are unlikely to be anticipated.The life and time of Ernest Shackleton is perhaps one of many well known cases and a great example of the bossy leadership trend in conjunction with traits that belong to the democratic class. The demeanor that Shackleton adopted was mainly due to several reasons that had proven to be such(prenominal) effective. During the voyage, Shackleton relies upon his personal judgments and close supervision to guide the crew members by the sour punishment of mother nature.Having closely worked in concert with the crew mate, in which most of them looked up to Shackleton as a considerful leader with a vehement passion that ignited their owns, the crew members were able to machinate a whiz of trust and heroism in his figure. Since he and the crew members hold in always been unneurotic directly under his influence and command, a sense of synchron ization, kind of than individualism was needed in order for things to flow fluently passim his trip. This is curiously true during those times where his ship, the Endurance got struck and stranded on ice.It was during this time that his autocratic flair really shines. Put under the circumstances of such hardship and craziness, one could possibly go insane from fear, hunger, and desperation. It was essential that each members of the party followed orders and did not revolt against their own will. Shackletons leadership style helped the entire crew to stay positive and motivated, and insisted on conscription out the survival factors in each member not to halt up their lives so slow. For Ernest Shackleton, there was a time pressure and a needed for regulation within the group.Not only that his sense of responsibility, able to put his people first when he turned back after almost making it to the destination when one of his crew condition became fatal was important, his ability t o remember straight in these tough times had proved Shackleton to become a great example under the commentary of leadership. In proportion to the previous point, we can conclude that Shackletons leadership style is another representation of the consideration style since he cared about his mens emotions and safety rather than his own success.According to the voyage, his crew enjoyed three full meals for the rejoicing of Leap Year Day and he also organized other fun activities for his crew such as dog racing, despite all the ruthless weather that were almost close to killing them everyday. When the Endurance got bust up into the sea, instead of being all hopeless and upset, Shackleton told his crew that they are exhalation home. This infamous quote marked his true spirit and show that he was one of the greatest leader of all. By reassuring the crew through focusing on the needs and desire that they currently uphold, he lightened up the hopes for his crew that they can o through this tough situation together, in which they did at the end. From business point of view, Shackleton applied an Employee Centered Style passim the whole expedition. He led his crew (employees) in positive ways and cared about his followers both physically and emotionally. He considered himself as one of the follows, as a part of the group, not just by transaction himself a leader and only know how to announce decision or order others to get the works make. This can be summarize through the definition of lead by example leadership style.When the going got tough, the needs for harmonization and unification of each members will is very important for survival. Ernest Shackleton, slice trying his best to individualize his leadership according to each subordinate, was more focused on trying to lead everyone towards the same path. Through the practical application of heroism, Shackleton was able to guide the crew and motivate them by targeting the respect and mutual feeling that the crews already feel toward him. This accentuated the spirits of all the members, unifying all their needs and centralized it as a whole.The turbulence that his group had to go through could had left a devastating set up, instead, they became stronger and stronger as each obstacles were overcome with joy and hope that Shackelton, with his leadership style represent. Much had changes since Shackleton became a victuals legend, just now the principal and theory, as well as practical formula still remained the same. The business world that we live in today has much to apply. Leaders today need to adapt to changes, being able to right away cerebrate on their feet and remain charismatic to the subordinates are the key member to creating a great leader.As corporations are adapting more changes and restructure down to a heterachy level, we see a more decentralized structure in which employees are encouraged with power. But the needs for centralized authority remained the same under emer gency, and that leads us to the next section of this report. * Chapter 3 Contingency approaches to leadership single may believe that perhaps Ernest Shackleton and what he had to go through had determine the way that his business style he adopted. In relation to the Fiedlers Contingency Model, we start by examining Shackletons decision in relation to the situation that befell him.This model allows us a mode of evaluation for both the leadership styles and the organization situation, under two criteria, which are task and human relationship. Shackleton had demonstrated a flexible style of leadership in numerous cases. He was not afraid to change and adjust his tactics to achieve his goals. This is especially true during the highlight of his voyage sailing on the Endurance. The Antarctica weather was boisterous and unforgiving, putting a toll on Ernest to outperform the condition to survive. His goal upon setting sail was to set foot on the icy normality Pole, but was later chan ged to endure the coldness and to get out of here alive.Such a drastic change in the situation asked for great demand in Shackleton to judge the situation as the lives of his crews are placed in his hands. A shift from a task-orientated style to a more relationship-orientated style challenged him mentally. As the result, he was able to accomplish his task of getting his crews out alive. Based on the three key elements of the situation, since he was able to develop such mutually agreement among the group and himself. They truly admire and had confidence in their leaders. Thus, this leads to a unification of the group towards achieving the goal.The task structure that Shackletons crew had to undergo was of immense difficulties. The unpredictable outcome caused the group to fall in a low task structure to enhance flexibility. Therefore, the responsibility that Shackleton had to articulatio humeri was huge. This lead to the last element of position power. Since the group was striked wi th an unexpected turn of event, it was up to Shackleton to steer the crew back to following the objective, which he had done magnificently thorugh motivating and encouragement as a leader. The Hersey and Blanchards Situational conjecture can also be used to explain the leadership style of Ernest Shackleton.Since Shackletons crew were very well equipped mentally due to their leaders constant motivation and the method that led them, together with the low task structure, Shackleton need to employed the Participating strategy, followed up with the mission strategy. At first when the Endurance was out of hope to be recovered, his crews were no doubt feeling desperate about the situation. But with Shackletons igh spirit, they were able to pick up from scratch. In other words, they were able but unintentional when approach with such a disastrous situation. They need guidance and irection as the objective of the voyage had completely changed. Shackleton had done so very effectively in inspiring the will to live, through his famous quote Were going home. As the situation progress, Shackleton was able to slowly earn more trust and confidence in his crew, this slowly move the relationship behavior position down to the lower end, toward the Delegating strategy area. During his search out for Elephant Island, he had to make a decision to leave the crew behind as to find a way to contact the mainland and maneuver for help, he deputed Thomas Crean, his second-in-command crew to take charge after he was gone.This could not be done without a high level of trust and high level of abilities to achieve such task. It was remarkably assuring to the rest of crew that when he announced he would come back for them, which he did. ( Find more information about the other 2 thoeries ) The racetrack-goal theories also contribute to analyze the leadership style of Shackleton in a very definite way. According to the definition, Path-goal theory full tried on the leaders responsibil ity to lead and motivate in order to achieve organizational goal.The journey that Shackleton had to travel was filled with adversity. At first, he was fixed to reach the North Pole as this is the set objective, and he communicated this objective very well to his groups of followers. This in return affected the kind of motivation that the crews expected from the voyage. During that time, the glory and fame of being the first few men to set foot on the Artic ice was indeed very attractive, especially for the brave souls like Shackleton and his crews who were seeking intrinsic come backs as the mean to strive for the objective.Shackleton was a consecrate man, his passion not only reminded himself of the goal every day, but it was also the fuel that ignited the dedication of his crew members. He unploughed the rewards lightheaded as they moved along, even when the Endurance crashed. Shackleton still managed to quickly adapt to the situation and influence his team through the chan ge of reward, which was now to safely escape his hazard. This theory explained how he was able to keep the motivation of his employee high throughout the voyage even when there was a change of goal, especially when the change was so drastic.Ernest Shackletons leadership style is also applicable to the explanation of the Vroom Jago Contingency Model. Similarly to some of the models and theories above, this theory fibreize the participative leadership degree and how it correlates with the results and accountability of the decision. At time when Shackleton first commenced the journey, he gathered groups of attuned people based on character as well as competence. He knew very well the danger and how the strength, both physically and mentally of his crews had to face. The selection process picked out crew members with a positive attitude.This helped Shackletons leadership style to take effects in the most successful way. He had also develop a strong sense of loyalty and trust towards hi s crew members. This significantly proved to be the decisive factor as the Endurance got stranded on ice when it really shined. To an extent during the voyage, his participation was at the facilitate degree as he understood the ability of each individuals well profuse to let them take charge while presenting ideas and experience on decent terms. When the Endurance sunk, he became more delegating as the group faced extreme adversity, while keeping them motivated.One can interpret and use variant model to define Ernest Shackletons leadership style. Based on the symptomatic questions, he was actively involved in the preparation process before they set sailed, showing high level of participation and consideration as the expedition was many adventures dream at that time. By sharing the vision, he was able to collect the most suitable group of people. Because the importance of freight was very high, Shackleton would personally interview each member he chose for a mutual agreement on t he objective of the journey.Since Shackleton had been on past trips to the North Pole, he used the experience to persuade people and forming a reliable trust conformity. This helped to increase the likelihood of commitment of his followers out of respect for passion and knowledge. Shackleton implied the motivation theories very well as he was able to convince the sailors of the goal that he wanted to achieve, turning it into the goals of the group as a whole. This increase in support for the goal helped them to overcome challenges together later on.Last but not least, his team was not only dedicated but high trained for such an expedition. Shackleton was able to trust them and delegate tasks effectively. Based on the style of leadership that Shackleton represent, we can use the Path Goal Theory to best explain his style, as motivation towards the same goal as a team was the critical factor. His team was put to the test in such a condition that will easily drained the lives out of an yone, but with high motivation and a clear goal that unified them, he successfully pulled through and survive the weather that everbody deemed impossible.Without the corporation of each members, perhaps he could not have made it and that is why this theory is best imply to explain his leadership style. Chapter 4 The leaders as an individual Throughout his lives on the expeditions, we have seen how great a leader he was through the team members that he motivated, but how about concerning Ernest Shackleton as a leader in his own definition? Chapter 4 1. Big five personality that ES had * Extroversion * painstakingness * Emotional stability * Agreeableness 2. I would say ES had an intimate Locus of Control.He was self-motivated and was likely to influence others. 3. ES was authoritarian. He relied on position power. 4. Shackletons End Values were to lead an adventurous life, explore the trans-Antarctic. His instrumental Values were being responsible to his crew, being honest, being helpful. 5. I think ES was a Theory Y Leader. He valued his crew and understood what his followers wanted or needed so that they have the strengths to keep struggling throughout the hardship they had. Notes * When he died, Shackleton left debts of ? 0,000, over ? 700,000 in todays terms. That money, however, came from people who could afford it. Works Cited Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Encyclopedia. com. 2 Jun. 2012 . Shackleton Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2 June 2012. Web. 02 Jun. 2012. ( I dont think we should use Wikipedia as a reliable source ) Nova Online Shackletons journey of Endurance.Feb 2002 Web. 02 Jun 2012. http//personnel. ky. gov/nr/rdonlyres/6c98ae12-6df1-4476-acd3-ff1c9b2770f4/0/someshackletonleadershiplessons. pdf http//leadership. wharton. upenn. edu/l_change/Interviews/Shackleton. pdf http//www. nytimes. com/2011/12/25/business/leadership-lessons-from-the-shackleton-expedition. html? pagewa nted=all http//artofmanliness. com/2011/08/02/leadership-lessons-from-ernest-shackleton/

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