Monday, March 11, 2019

Police in a Democratic Society Essay

constabulary effect in a democratic society is characterized by several features, such(prenominal)(prenominal) as the allowance of the operate of caution while in the execution of official duties (Fairchild). Indeed, the use of discretion is a common feature in the exercise of precedents by different practitioners in the field of criminal legal expert (Fairchild). The role of discretion in the criminal arbiter system is much critical than in any otherwise discipline because it is here that the power of the state is aligned against the individual (Fairchild). For shell, individuals face the possibility of loss of life, indecency and property as a consequence of conviction or incorrupt accusation of the commission of a crime (Fairchild). Among the practitioners who are given discretion in the criminal arbiter system are correctional provide, patrol officers, and court-related forcefulness (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). In particular, police discretion as a archetype and a pol icy has developed largely because of the realization that the administration of justice is far from perfect (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). The imperfection lies in the failure of the criminal justice system to meet four necessary elements in the dispensation of perfect justice (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). These elements concern the absolute ability to apprehend rectitude violators, identify law violators, identify the intent of law violators, and punish law violators (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). The dispensation of justice depends originally on the actions of those individuals to whom it was entrusted, such as police officers, prosecutors and judges (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). Discretion in the criminal justice system is not being employed by police officers alone. Other officers, such as court-related personnel, probation and parole officers, and correctional staff are also allowed to exercise discretion in the performance of their duties (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). The exercise of discretion by officers fro m different departments and jurisdictions of the law enforcement community all relate to the utile administration of justice. Among court-related personnel, prosecutors and judges are the ones who use discretion the almost (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). For example, prosecutorial discretion is exercised during plea negotiations or plea-bargaining (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). Prosecutors also exercise discretion in choosing the cases that should be presented before a grand jury (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). On the other hand, judges exercise discretion in handing down their decisions and rulings (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). Meanwhile, correctional personnel exercise discretion in coordinating programs in the supervision of offenders. In particular, discretion is exercised in the treatment of certain infractions and the decision to write corrective reports (Jones & Kerbs, 2007). Police discretion, while it is very helpful in maintaining balance in the enforcement of laws, should be controlled in order to rem ove issues such as racial discrimination and discrimination that have been controversial in the past decades (Pepinsky, 1984). One example of a problem involving the exercise of police discretion is the perceived divergency in police treatment of women vis--vis men, and whites vis--vis blacks (The New York Times Company, 2004).According to a Boston Globe study of police records, it is posited that women and whites are more apt(predicate) to receive earnings rather than tickets, compared to their men and black counterparts, when they get halt for identical traffic offenses (The New York Times Company, 2004). However, some police officers unblock their decision to simply issue warnings on their belief that they are effective teaching tools to the public, compared to the issuance of tickets (The New York Times Company, 2004). Discrepancies in the treatment of offenders, such as the one reported above, and consequently the negative perception on the abuse of discretion by police of ficers, can be set up by having clear rules that would identify good from bad discretion (Pepinsky, 1984).ReferencesFairchild, E. S. Enforcement of Police and Law Enforcement Policy. Organiational Structure and Control of Discretion in Police Operations, 442-449.Jones, M. & Kerbs, J. J. (2007). Probation and word Officers and Discretionary Decision-Making Responses to Technical and Criminal Violations. Electronic version. Federal Probation 71(1), 9-16.Pepinsky, H. E. (1984). Better Living by dint of Police Discretion. Law and Contemporary Problems 47(4), 249-267.The New York Times Company. (2004). Retrieved November 11, 2007, from http//www.boston.com/globe/ tube/packages/tickets/072103.shtml

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