Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Usefulness Of Symbiotic Relationships In Marketing Marketing Essay

Usefulness Of dependent Relationships In merchandising merchandising Essay dependent Marketing, also know as Co-Marketing Alliances and Joint Marketing Activities, has remained sporadic, especially in Indian humble Scale Sector. The studies focalizeing on the applicability of these Symbiotic Marketing strategies in the Indian context be conspicuously absent. The existing literature, conveniently expect that the Indian Small Scale entrepreneurs possess the knowledge of the operationalities of the concept, has suggested this as a valid alternative system to their selling problems. The arrange smelling at is aimed at comprehending the perceptions of the Small Scale entrepreneurs towards Symbiotic Marketing strategies. The compendium is enjoymentful in developing programs aimed at facilitating these inter-organizational cooperative food grocery storeplace strategies.In merchandise run strategy literature, a number of ravish alternatives have been identified which firm s employ in distri only ifing their products and services. These alternatives include the traditional trade channel, the tumid marketing system, upright integration, strategical alliances, ne iirk organizations, and the horizontal marketing system. These channel forms have been canvas by market queryers relatively thoroughly and from a number of perspectives. However, ane former(a) strategic alternative has been identified and discussed by a few authors but has yet to receive the same level of attention as other forms of marketing and scattering. This cited strategy is the more holistic concept of dependent marketing, originally defined as an alliance of resources or programs mingled with two or more independent organizations designed to increase the market potence of each (Adler, 1966). The concept was initial introduced in 1960s, but has rarely been discussed by the market researchers and is generally dispatched as a synonym for horizontal marketing system (Kotler, 19 91). However, the concept is much more powerful and comprehensive, than conceived by the leave out of research in the area.The dependent marketing is comprehensive in the consciousness that set-backly, it get outs a strategic direction to channel considerations. Rather than develop strategically meaning(a) core competencies and resources internally, firms which practice dependent marketing are actively and continually scanning some(prenominal) the external and the emulous environments for likely partners with such resources. This shifts the firm from being primarily internally- oriented to externally oriented. Secondly, the modes of symbiotic marketing comprise virtually all of the various forms of distribution identified in extent marketing and management literature. Modes of symbiosis include strategic alliances, join ventures, co-marketing agreements, vertical marketing systems, horizontal marketing systems, and traditional buyer-seller marketing channels. However, dis tribution strategy employing mergers and acquisition as a gibe, violate the spirit of symbiotic marketing, since the firms are integrated and are no longer independent organizations, which is a requisite for symbiotic marketing. olibanum all forms of distribution strategy other than vertical integration lie within the cathode-ray oscilloscope of symbiotic marketing.Since, non enough research has been done on the subject, extent literatures existing on strategic alliances and organizational meshs has been apply for the analysis since virtually all modes of symbiotic marketing is based on some form of organizational collaborations. erstwhile the basis for symbiotic marketing has been established network analysis result be proposed as a tool for symbiotic partner natural selection and market selection. The underlying manikin for this research is that the use of symbiotic marketing can return to a firm superior market success, if use in a strategic manner, via such measures as first promoter advantage, superior profit returns, and the ability to overcome barriers of entry into market niches dominate by headspring-entrenched competitors. Hypotheses ordain be proposed to test these assumptions.STATEMENT OF PROBLEMThe gain of Symbiotic Relationships in Marketing for firms to compete successfully in the topical anesthetic anaesthetic globular markets and its acceptance by small business units in India. issuing JUSTIFICATION OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDYThe elementary objective of this makeup is to channelize an apparent gap in the strategic or usageful use of symbiotic marketing as a delivery system for a firms product or service in the current stream of marketing literature. Only recently has the market researchers focuse on an attempt to watch the vertical marketing systems (VMS) and horizontal marketing systems(HMS), of which HMSs such as joystick ventures, strategic alliances and partnerships have been studied most heavily. However, the research ers of these strategies have focused moreover on a unity mode of HMS, whitheras Symbiotic Marketing provides a broader framework for the researchers, to apply their desired analysis tool. Apart from the handful of living literature existing on HMS, much of the research on channel strategy has focused on vertically-oriented channels such as VMS and vertical integration. This focus on Vertically-oriented Structures has discounted the emergence of horizontal strategies such as strategic alliances, partnerships and co-marketing agreements. The rationale behind vertically- oriented alliances or integration primarily gravitates some reducing transaction costs or achieving economies of exfoliation (Heide,1994). On the other hand Symbiotic Relationships allow the firm to hit significant leverage in the marketplace by not only accessing external resources but also identifying and exploiting market voids at reduced capital outlays. Furthermore, as the market segment boundaries are becomi ng increasingly undistinguishable, the firms focus is shifting from market share to designing strategic distribution programs that provides some degree of closing off from competition (Day, 1991), which is achievable with the use of Symbiotic Marketing strategies in niche markets, or using external resources for competing successfully in the global marketplace.Once the foundation for Symbiotic Marketing has been established and justified, network analysis can be used to explain how and wherefore the firms result achieve superior markets via Symbiotic Marketing, providing a method for identifying potentially profitable market niches and guidance for selecting symbiotic partner firms for penetrating these market segments. Moreover, understanding the geological formation of Symbiotic Marketing in the network analysis framework is important because, firstly no adequate framework for understanding the Symbiotic familys exists in the marketing literature endorsemently business compet ition is increasingly between distinct networks or groups of independent firms operating as a single rivalrous entity finally, there is a lack of marketing literature, focusing on the specific conceptualization of Symbiotic relations which read to be addressed. Thus an integrative framework needs to be developed to understand why and how firms enter into these types of partnerships, which bequeath be utile to both academicians and practitioners. To achieve these goals, this paper will first, introduce and review the extant literature procurable on the subject matter which will provide the basis for developing the framework. The framework will be developed which builds on that introduced by prior researchers and will focus on developing a typology of possible modes of symbiosis available to businesses and their symbiotic opportunities. Secondly, the general concept of market segmentation discussed which is applicable to our study presented. Thirdly, the powerful concept of netwo rk analysis will be introduced. However, the focus will be on the qualitative, managerial implications and applications of network analysis, not on its usefulness as a quantitative structural analysis tool. Finally, a model of Symbiotic Marketings usefulness as a strategic tool will be presented and justified.CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEWRecent research has pointed the importance of nurturing relationships for effective marketing. There is a paradigm shift in marketing from transaction marketing to relationship marketing. impregnables are also considering relationship marketing as crucial for sustaining competitive advantage. The center has provided impetus for an in-depth look at relationship marketing from the perspective of both theory and practice.The barrier relationship marketing encompasses some of the constructs suggested by past research. These constructs are relational contracting, internal marketing, symbiotic marketing, relationship marketing, strategic alliances, work ing partnerships, co-marketing alliances, and long-term orientation. Morgan and capture emphasize the process and their definition states relationship marketing refers to all marketing activities directed toward establishing, developing, and maintaining successful relational exchanges.We suggest that relationships lead to hold dear cornerstone that has become an area of amour to researchers. Firms realize that both customers and providers create look upon. The prize can manifest itself into access to engine room, access to markets, and access to information. Firms realize that customers and suppliers provide access to grade creation that will provide them with sustainable competitive advantage. Value creation can be divided into three domains. The first domain is value creation through supplier partnering that forms the first model of binds for this special issue. Value creation through alliance partnering form the here and now set of articles. Finally, value creation th rough customer partnering form the trio set of articles.The issue of value creation through relationships with suppliers is visualized by the first four articles. The first paper is Supplier Relationships Emerging Issues and Challenges, written by the co-editors of the special issue. The paper proposes that effective relationship with suppliers will provide firms with next-generational competitive advantage. We suggest that this shift toward supplier relationships will change the role, processes, and strategies of firms and, therefore, new areas of interrogatory will emerge. These include understanding suppliers as customers cross-functional supplier teaming economic value of supplier equity tot experience curves hub and spoke organization soldering with suppliers global sourcing processes cross-cultural values in purchasing cross-national rules and regulations and service procurement. The second article also addresses the issue of the importance of supplier relationships and di scusses the use of portfolio approaches to examine supplier relationships. In previous document, authors suggest that firms should examine supplier doing to classify suppliers into groups. This classification will aid firms in designing strategies to conjure relationship with firms. The next two articles discuss the effect of JIT and information technology on supplier relationships. In The military group of JIT Purchasing Relationships on organizational Design Purchasing Department Configuration, and Firm Performance, by Richard Germain and Cornelia Droge, the authors suggest that JIT relationships take up close supplier collaboration on product development and specifications, product, and information flows. Based on a perspective of 200 US firms, the article suggests that JIT increases a firms formalization, integration, and specialization. Also firms that use JIT have enhanced carrying out. Employing info engineering in Purchasing An Empirical Study of the Impact on Buye r-Supplier Relationships and coat of the Supplier Base, by Rodney L. Stump Ven Sriram, and Earl G. Graves, discusses the role of information technology on relationships. They aim that information technology investments enhance buyer-seller relationships and the degree of information technology used in transaction processing affects this relationship. Interestingly, they also find that information technology investments reduce the supplier base. The next set of two articles discuss value creation through alliance partnering, an emergent area of interest to marketers. The fifth article in the special issue is Scope and long suit of Logistics Based Strategic Alliances A abstract Framework and Managerial Implications, authored by Walter Zinn and A. Parasuraman. The article examines logistics based strategic alliances and proposes a typology to classify these alliances along the dimensions of scope and intensity. They also offer strategies for firms concern in strategic alliances as well as areas for future research. The next article, Selling Alliances Issues and Rights, by Brock Smith, examines the issues of selling alliances, an emerging area of interest in personal selling. The issues of selling alliances at both the organizational as well as the personal level are discussed. A sample of 175 sales bulk who are in sales partnerships is used to validate the expectations. The final set of articles discuss value creation through customer partnering. Customer Value Change in industrial Marketing RelationshipsA Call for New Strategies and Research, by Daniel J. Flint, Robert Woodruff, and Sarah F. Gardial, addresses the issue of customer perceptions of value. The authors suggest that suppliers perceptions of value are changing. To design strategies that give business marketers a strategic advantage, firms need to understand customers present value needs, marketers ability to deliver value, and change in perceptions of value. The next article discusses the issue o f customer perceptions of the marketer and value provided by the marketer. As firms survey their customers to make up their performance, the issue of the validity of customer evaluations comes into question. What Information Can Relationship Marketers Obtain from Customer Evaluations of Salespeople? by Douglas M. Lambert, Arun Sharma, and Michael Levy, addresses this issue. The results of a survey from business customers in the health care industry suggest that buying firms that give higher evaluations to business salespeople also give higher performance ratings to the selling organization. Also, salespeople who are evaluated as being better and more plausible by customers also receive superior evaluations from their managers. The final three papers in the special issue discuss part studies in value creation through customer partnering. The first paper, Managing Business Relationships and Positions in Industrial Networks by Brian Low, examines the issues of industrial networks. T he article views networks as providing access to resources and activities and examines a network in the context of a dealer for office equipment. The second article, build Supplier-Customer Relationships Using Joint New Product Development, by James reaching and B. J. Zirger, examines the evolution of a supplier-customer relationship. The paper examines a relationship in the case of an automobile project. The final paper by Pierre Filiatrault and Jozee Lapierre, Managing Business-to-Business Marketing Relationships in Consulting Engineering Firms, (accepted by Peter LaPlaca) examines relationships in the context of business services.In conclusion, we feel that the papers provide a broad look at the academic research in the area of business relationship marketing. The articles in this special issue address value creation through supplier relationships, alliances, and customer relationships. The papers make an important contribution to relationship marketing thinking in the domain o f business markets. The research is both useful to managers and serves as an impetus to future research in this area. We hope that you find the articles as exciting and interesting as we have.CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY information SOURCESUNIT OF ANALYSIS SAMPLE SELECTIONThe present investigation is ethical drug type of study undertaken to estimate the effectiveness of the Symbiotic Relationship in the Indian Marketing Scenario in various business units and its impact on the Partnered Business profits, Market Share, Level of Competition and Customer Loyalty and Retention. The present study identifies the views of people engaged in different businesses, generally small-scale, virtually their interpretation, importance and understanding of the advantages of developing a Symbiotic Relationships with different aspects of their supply chain or competitor base in order to provide to new market segments, or expanding their resource base and thereby improve their productivity, profitab ility and survivability in the highly competitive and rapidly expanding Indian Markets.Moreover, repayable to lack of availability of enough time, the scope of research has been restricted to the local area markets in the Mumbai region covering the areas of Andheri, Vile-Parle, Kandivali, Santacruz, which are small scale businesses such as shop-owners or factory outlet managers and marketing and trading operations team-members of some large scale firms. Considering the time criteria in which the report had to be prepared, we considered small scale businesses as the population with the size of 68. However, 24 participants did not fill the questionnaires provided to them completely, a requisite when using the likerts scale, and around 8 people were not willing to fill such questionnaires, the number of actually unblemished forms was drastically reduced to 36. Considering the fact that, for conducting a Z-Test for the analysis, the minimum size should be 30, the sample size of 35 w as considered appropriate for the analysis and was carried forward for the purpose of research.TOOLS TECHNIQUESThe tool used for conducting the research was administering the questionnaires to the business owners and conducting interviews, so as to determine whether their response in the questionnaire and on-face does not contradict. The questionnaire consists of open-ended questions which need to be answered on Likerts 5 Point Scale.For the analysis of the responses of the respondents, a 2-tailed Z-test will be used and the feasibility of the Symbiotic Marketing in the Indian Context will be determined based on the mind-set of the people involved in the analysis. Although, the sample size is 35, but it will be implicative of the entire population in the local areas considered for this study.Also random try (and in some cases systematic sampling) has been used to distribute the questionnaires and collect the responses for conducting the analysis. information SOURCESMarket researc h requires two types of selective information i.e. secondary data and primary data. Primary data has been used abundantly for the study. Well-structured questionnaires were prepared the survey was undertaken. Feedback for the discover has been taken by asking questions observation has also done to fit primary information. There is also a use of secondary data, pile up from the extant literature available on the subject matter in various journals, books, and websites from various marketers and business owners.PRIMARY DATAThe primary data to be selected was based upon the response of the respondents to the questionnaire designed. The questionnaire consists of open ended questions.The Questionnaire was targeted to know about the views of the business owners and planning and marketing department people towards the adoption of symbiotic relationship in the long term opportunities for the businesses especially in the Indian Context.SECONDARY DATAThe secondary data was collected by r eferring through various companys marketing strategies in online manuals, Reports, journals and research papers, web sites, and the final data was analyzed systematically to accomplish the objectives of this research paper.CHAPTER IV RESEARCH role model OF THE STUDYPROPOSED FRAMEWORKRATIONALE OF FRAMEWORKVARIABLESHYPOTHESISSymbiotic Marketing increases the competitive Advantage of the participating firms over their respective competitorscompanies with complementary products or services can also achieve symbiotic marketing by carrying out lateral cooperative marketingGrowth Oriented firms pick bigger firms for Marketing Symbiosis.Survival Oriented firms prefer equal size or smaller firms for Marketing Symbiosis.Sharing of operational resources and mutually-complementary advantages among interrelated companies, will increase their production efficiency.CHAPTER V DATA ANALYSIS INFERENCEstatistical ANALYSISINTERPRETATIONSCHAPTER VI SUMMARY CONCLUSIONSUMMARY OF FINDINGSCONCLUSION k itchen stove RECOMMENDATIONSLIMITATIONS OF THE STUDYCHAPTER VII REFERENCES1 Kotler, P., Fernando, T. D.(2005).Lateral Marketing. Beijing China Citic Press,25.2 Lee, A. (1966). Symbiotic Marketing. Harvard Business Review,44(9-10)59-71.3 Rajan, P. Rajaratnam, D. (1986). Symbiotic Marketing Revisited. Journal of Marketing, 50(1)7-17.4 Andy, L., Ian, B. (2001). Strategies for Building a Customer Base on the Internet Symbiotic Marketing. Journal of Strategic Marketing, (9)47-68.5 KaZuo, A. (2002). Sociological Principle. Beijing Huaxia issue Co., Ltd., 50-52.6 Shiroshi, T. (2000). How Will the Market Strategy Change in the Future?. capital of Japan Diamond Inc.,90.7 Kazuhisa, T.(2000). Social Psychology of Consumption Behavior. ToKyo Kitaoji Publisher,52-62.8 Xavier, M. J., Krishnan, R., Borin, N.(2005). An Integrated pattern of collaborative Value Creation for Strategic Innovation The Case of sell Automation in India. IIMB Management Review,(6) 29-39.9 Yokozawa, T. (1998).Custome r Value Management. ToKyo Productivity Publisher,71-80.10Mohr, J., Fisher, R., Nevin, J. (1996). Collaborative communication in interfirm relationships moderating effects of integration and control, Journal of Marketing, 60(July)11Osborn, R. Baughn, C. (1990). Forms of interorganizational regime for multinational alliances, Academy of Management Journal, 33(3), 503-19.12Rangan, V., Menezes, M., Maier, E. (1992). Channel selection for new industrial products framework, method, and application, Journal of Marketing, July, 69-82.13Shaw, A. (1912). Some Problems in Market Distribution, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 26 (4) 703-765.14Street, P. (1975). Animal Partners and Parasites, London David and Charles.15Snyder, G. (1991). Alliance theory a neoralist first cut, in The Evolution of Theory in International16Relations (pp. 83-110), Columbia, SC University of South Carolina Press.17 The Effect of JIT Purchasing Relationships on Organizational Design Purchasing Department Configurat ion, and Firm Performance, by Richard Germain and Cornelia Droge.18 Scope and Intensity of Logistics Based Strategic Alliances A Conceptual Framework and Managerial Implications, authored by Walter Zinn and A. Parasuraman.CHAPTER VIII APPENDIXInsert the questionnaire here

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