Sunday, May 26, 2019
Millennium Development Goals Essay
The term sanitation is applied to a wide range of subjects such as * Improved sanitation refers to the management of human faeces at the ho callhold level. This terminology is the indicator used to describe the target of the Millennium Development last on sanitation, by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and sanitisation. * On-site sanitation the collection and treatment of waste is done where it is deposited. Examples are the use of pit latrines, septic tanks, and Imhoff tanks. * Food sanitation refers to the hygienic measures for ensuring food safety. * Environmental sanitation the control of environmental factors that form links in disease transmission. Subsets of this syndicate are solid waste management, water and wastewater treatment,industrial waste treatment and noise and pollution control. * Ecological sanitation an approach that tries to emulate nature done the recycling of nutrients and water from human and animal wastes in a hygienically safe manner.Sanitation can be of three typesPersonal sanitationSanitation at homeSanitation at surroundings.Wash your hands before you eat give those germs a average sweep. 1) Personal sanitation -a) Bathing regularlyb) Washing your hands after using washroomc) Washing your hands before having foodd) Cutting your hairs cleane) Cutting your nails & keeping them cleanf) Drinking clean water,using chlorine tablets or boiling it2) Sanitation at homea) Keeping your home cleanb) Keeping washroom at home cleanc) Using washroom or else than going in opend) Eating healthy & nutritious foode) Washing fruits before eating3) Surroundingsa) Saniataion at schoolb) Sitting on clean benchesc) Cleanliness while playing at playgroundsd) Dressing/cleaning your woundse) Dont play at dirty placesf) Stay away from hazardous chemicalswhy sanitation is important1) To keep you healthy2) You will smell good3) Waste attracts disease carrying hosts like rats & other scavengers. 4) In our country most of the diseases are caused due to contaminated water and poor sanitation. In tribal areas, there are shortage of water supply and lack of awareness about straight-laced sanitation till today. People depend on the water of polluted rivers or ponds and suffer from lack of sanitation. These cause highly infectious diseases such as diarrhea, malaria, cholera, jaundice, plague etc. If we follow clean sanitation and use purified water then we can easily control and avoid many of the above diseases.